content addressable storage

This introduction assumes you have played with NixOS a bit, you know about content addressability and why it is important, and how Git repositories represent a distributed content addressed storage system. Git and Github is used as the source control for all of NixOS and NixPkgs. Both NixOS and NixPkgs source code is located here: https://github.com/NixOS/nixpkgs. This means every package that is available via Nix is defined in that repository. This includes OS services and general software. Nix, the language interpreter and the package manager tool is however located here: https://github.com/NixOS/nix. Channels…

Today, the most common way for developers to address a dependency is through the use of semantic versioning. This is where you create project A that depends on B at 1.2.3, where 1 is the major version, 2 is the minor version and 3 is the patch version. Accordingly, the rules of following semantic versioning means: Major versions change when you make incompatible API changes. Minor versions change when you add functionality in a backwards-compatible manner. Patch versions change when you make backwards-compatible bug fixes. Theoretically you should be able to update patch and minor versions of dependencies…